A tile is thin object or plate to cover the areas like floors, roofs, walls etc which is made by inorganic clay burnt on high temperature in furnace. 

Tile can be classified in two sections.
1. Types of tiles based on Application
2. Types of tiles based on material and manufacturing

1. Types of tiles based on Application

  • Floor tiles
  • Roofing tiles
  • Wall tiles
  • Ceiling tile

2. Types of tiles based on material and manufacturing

A. Ceramic tiles
  • Earthenware tile : Earthenware tile is a most previous used tile before introduction of glazed or vitrified tiles in market. It is opaque and non-vitreous. This is soft product which can be scratched by any sharp thing.

  • Terracotta tile : Terracotta is an upgraded version of earthenware tile which was available in glazed and un-glazed tile.
Un-glazed terracotta tiles are porous and do not have a protective coating, which makes them highly vulnerable to stains and signs of wear and tear.
    Glazed terracotta tiles are protected and hardened with a layer of shiny vitreous glaze. The glaze makes these tiles resistant to water, impervious to stains and highly suitable for application in moisture-laden areas like bathrooms and kitchens. Glazed terracotta tiles might become slippery, but one can opt for an anti-slip surface finish.

    • Glass mosaic tile

    • Glazed tile : Ceramic tile is made from clay and sand. But the glazed ceramic tiles have a liquid glass coating on the surface which is vitreous coating. The liquid glass coating creates the texture, design, and color of a glazed tile and protects the body of the tile from staining. Due to this extra layer, custom tile designs can be added to them. This allows the floor tiles designs to be available in multiple colors. 

    • Vitrified tile : Vitrified tile is a ceramic tile with very low porosity. It is an alternative to marble and granite flooring. Vitrified tiles are often used outdoors due to their water and frost resistance.Vitrified tile is made by hydraulic pressing a mixture of clay, quartz, feldspar and silica, which make vitreous surface. There are four types of Vitrified tiles given below.

           1. Soluble salt
           2. Double charge
           3. Full body 
    • Glazed vitrified tile : Glazed vitrified tiles are available for wall and floor tiles in polished, matt finish. These tiles are more durable, stain resistant and require low maintenance.
    • Polished glazed vitrified tile
          1. Rustic
          2. Wooden 
          3. Sugar

    B. Porcelain tile
    • Unglazed tile
    • Glazed tile
    • Double charge
    • Full body
    • Digital printed

    C. Stone tile
    • Floor stone tile
           1. Granite tile : Granite more hard material and resistance to abrasion and scratches so it is best option for outdoor space.

           2. Limestone tile : Limestone is a sedimentary stone formed by build up of calcium and organic matter which hardened over time. 

           3. Sand stone tile : Sandstone is a characteristically hard textured stone great for outdoor surfaces but can be worn down by sand and other abrasives.
    • Wall stone tile
           1. Onyx tile : Onyx is a softer more porous stone and can be susceptible to staining.

           2. Travertine tile : Travertine is a porous stone and can be more susceptible to staining then Granite or Marbles and should be protected with a sealer.

           3. Marble tile : Marble is a softer and more porous stone, so it can be susceptible to staining and etching by acidic liquids.

    D. Cement tile : Cement tile is most used tile in previous time due to its high strength in outdoor space. In that time cement tile imparts more strength than earthenware tile and terracotta tile. They was also available in many patterns on its surface to make them more attractive. Cement tiles are made by hand, one at a time, using mineral pigments, cement, a mold, and an hydraulic press. The metal mold is handmade following specific design drawings. The pigment composition is a mixture of high quality white Portland cement, marble powder, fine sand, and natural mineral colour pigments.

    E. Deck tile

    F. Quarry tile

    G. Paver tile

    H. Vinyl tile : Vinyl tile is essentially the same material as is used for sheet vinyl flooring—a very thin, manmade product made from PVC plastic with a felt or fiberglass backing layer and covered with a printed design layer and clear wear layer. For the tile form of flooring, the vinyl is simply cut into squares that range from 9 to 18 inches across. Some forms of vinyl tile, called composite tiles, include some amount of pulverized stone dust in their manufacturing process. 

    I. Pebble tile : 


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