DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CERAMIC TILES AND VITRIFIED TILES

Tiles are primary product to cover the floor. Right choice of tile for specific area increases the life of itself. Every tiles have its own advantages and disadvantages. Here the difference between ceramic tiles and vitrified tiles is given below.

1. Composition 
  • Ceramic tiles are made of clay and a mixture of other minerals and solvents, ceramic is an umbrella term used to refer to all types of natural clay.
  • Vitrified tiles are made of clay, quartz, feldspar and silica In which the clay is 40% and silica, quartz and feldspar are 60%. As per name indicates they are processed with vitrification process which removes the moisture from the tile so the tile become dense. 

2. Appearance
  • Ceramic tiles have a more natural and earthy look.
  • Vitrified tiles have artificial and more glossy look than ceramic tile.

3. Glazing
  • Ceramic tiles have to glaze on it to achieve a glossiness.
  • Vitrified tiles do not need to glaze.

4. Durability 
  • Ceramic tiles are less durable as compare to vitrified tiles.
  • Vitrified tiles are more durable than ceramic tiles due to less porosity and high density.

5. Strength
  • Ceramic tiles have low compressive, flexural and impact strength.
  • Vitrified tiles have good compressive, flexural and impact strength.

6. Porosity

  • Ceramic tiles have porosity in it.
  • Vitrified tiles doe not contain porosity because the product is highly mechanically compressed.

7. Water absorption

  • Ceramic tiles are porous therefor it absorbs the water quickly.
  • Vitrified tiles are non porous material which does not absorb the water.

8. Density

  • Ceramic tiles have low density due to porosity in it.
  • Vitrified tiles have higher density than ceramic tiles due to negligible porosity in it.

9. Scratch resistance

  • Ceramic tiles have low resistance to scratches due to its rough texture on top.
  • Vitrified tiles have good resistance to scratches due to its smooth texture on top.


10. Stain resistance

  • Ceramic tiles have low stain resistance due to its porosity and low glazing on top.
  • Vitrified tiles have high stain resistance due to vitreous liquid coating on it which gives it glossy finish.

11. Slip resistance

  • Ceramic tiles are not slippery due to its rough texture.
  • Vitrified tiles are more slippery while wet surface due to its smooth and glossy finish on top.

12. UV resistance

  • Ceramic tiles are affected by UV rays and its color get fade due to directly in contact to UV rays.
  • Vitrified tiles do not affected by UV rays and Its color remain the same long lasting.

13. Frost Resistance

  • Ceramic tiles have low frost resistance because they are absorb water quickly.
  •  Vitrified tiles have high frost resistance due to its high density and low porosity.

14. Size 

  • Ceramic tiles are available in only smaller size due to its low strength.
  • Vitrified tiles are available in too many sizes due to its good strength.

15. Installation

  • Ceramic tiles installation are difficult and consume more time for it.
  • Vitrified tiles are easy to install and fix in less time compare to ceramic tiles.

16. Maintenance

  • Maintenance of ceramic tiles is not easy due to its rough texture on it.
  • Maintenance of Vitrified tiles  is easy due to its smooth and glossy finish on it.

17. Cost

  • Ceramic tiles are cheaper than vitrified tiles.
  • Vitrified tiles are expensive than ceramic tiles.


Some advantages and disadvantages of ceramic tiles and vitrified tiles are given below.

Advantages :


Ceramic tiles

1. Ceramic tiles installation is easy as compared to vitrified tiles as the ceramic surface will quickly respond to the adhesives than vitrified tiles.
2. Ceramic tiles are less expensive than vitrified tiles.
3. Ceramic tile can also help to reduce your energy use (and bills) by keeping your house cooler in the summer. They also add some insulating qualities to your home in the winter.


Vitrified Tiles

1. Vitrified tiles are smooth, glossy and stronger as compared to ceramic tiles.
2. Vitrified tiles are non-porous. Hence they are more resistance to water as they are best suited for wet areas.
3. They are pre-polished and do not need polishing on site.
Available in large sizes. Hence the number of joints less.


Disadvantages :

Ceramic Tiles

1. The tiles are hard and cannot be cushioned, which is less comfortable for walking and standing.
Ceramic tiles do not hold on to heat very well. It can get very cold in the winter, which can be a shock to your toes first thing in the morning. On the other hand, ceramic can be quite comfortable underfoot on a hot summer day.
Ceramic tiles are quite heavy which means they are not appropriate for upper story installations as it increases weight.
Ceramic tiles absorb more water, so the tiles may get dislodged.
Not available in large sizes. Hence number of joints increase.
Vitrified Tiles

One of the major disadvantages of vitrified tiles is that they are expensive when compared to the cost of ceramics tiles.
In order to ensure the steadiness, high quality adhesives are used. Hence, these are expensive than ceramic tiles.
It is slippery when wet. So there are chances of an accident.

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