WHAT IS ORGANISATION, ITS FUNCTIONS AND GENERAL PRINCIPALS..

ORGANISATION

Organisation can be describe as "To achieve a define goals in scheduled time with the help of available instruments and machineries, few members or a group of members are work with each others coordination with maximum determination to get best quality of results are known as Organisation."

For an efficient organisation some factors are essential which are given below.
1. Appropriate structure for organisation.
2. Delegation of responsibilities.
3. Reciprocal relation between Top, Middle and Bottom management's members.
4. Appropriate method of coordination between Management and Organisation.

Functions of Organisation:
To achieve our decided goal, Organisations has to construct a appropriate structure and make efficient strategies for people who are working in an organisation to get an efficient work from them.
Furthermore,
1. Adopt a method from which a competent has been selected for his/her suitable designation.
2. Wake awareness in every worker/member towards his/her duties and responsibilities.
3.According  to necessity of work every member/worker has their own power to do efficient work.
4. Clear specification or explanation of work among all.
5. After a work bifurcation, Management should be aware of their member's detailed work.
6. A good coordinator, who play a linkedln between organisation and its structure members. 
7. A good coordination and communication between all coworkers, supervisiors and management.

General principles of organisation

1. Span of management :
On organisation level, the number of managers should be optimum. If  they are less, Their effective control may be less and if they are more, Their Method may be getting confused and the work will be disorder. Therefore,  On higher level the ratio between manager and coordinator should be 1:3 to 1:5 and on a functionary level the ratio should be 1:15 to 1:20.

2. Scalor principle :
For the efficient implementation, The sequence designation should be top to bottom.

3. Unity of command :
Every member of organisation should be aware of each others activity and who is responsible for a particular activity and there should be a clear specification about progress of work and if they trap in any problem than what to do. Every junior officer has to take advise, order and solutions from their senior officer and report them whole day work progress report.

4. Delegation of powers :
When we give a responsibility to a particular member for a particular work, They also have some powers to complete his work in efficient manner. Hence the responsibility and the power is the two sides of each coin.

5. Division of work :
When a big work has to complete then It has to be classified in small divisions and give to appropriate competent to get effective and fast results. 

6. Motivation and incentives :
Organisation's structure has to be very clear, Which take care of their worker's future for their better progress.

7. Flexibility and stability :
Organisation has to be very flexible because they are involved in each and every situations of work. If it is rigid then it may be not work efficiently and as well as being stable for own achievement and goal.

Here is an organisation for a construction project.

Construction Project Job Descriptions & Organization Chart ...



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