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Showing posts from April, 2020

WHAT IS SEPTIC TANK? ITS FUNCTIONS, ADVANTAGES AND DRAWBACKS.

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A septic tank is an underwater sedimentation tank made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic through which domestic waste water  used. Waste water treatment through by the different process of biological decomposition and drainage.   Function of septic tank : A septic tank will digest organic matter and separate float able matter(e.g., oils and grease) and solids from the wastewater  A septic tank will be connected with two pipes (for inlet and outlet).  The inlet pipe is used to transport the water waste from the house and collect it in the septic tank. It is kept here long enough so that the solid and liquid waste is separated from each other. The second pipe is the outlet pipe. It can also call the drain field. This pipe moves out the pre-processed wastewater from the septic tank and spreads it evenly in the soil and watercourses. When waste water has been collected after a while it will begin to, separate into 3 layers. (as shown in the image above) T

WHAT IS SOAK PIT? ITS FUNCTION, ADVANTAGES AND MAINTENANCE.

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A soak pit, also known as a soakaway as well as drywell which is an underground structure that disposes of unwanted water, most commonly surface runoff and stormwater and in some cases greywater. It is a covered, porous-walled chamber that allows water to slowly soak into the ground.  Pre-settled effluent from a Collection and Storage/Treatment or (Semi-) Centralized Treatment technology is discharged to the underground chamber from which it infiltrates into the surrounding soil and underground. Soak pit Functions of soak pit : 1. Soak pit serves the purpose of receiving the effluent water from the primary treatment unit. 2. Soak pit undergoes the partial treatment of the effluent water coming out of the primary treatment unit. 3. The soak pit discharges clear and non-harmful water to the soil and underground. 4. The soak pit is designed in such a way that the treated water comes out of the porous walls of the soak pit. 5. The soak pit recharges the groundwater bodies.

WHAT IS POLYURETHANE WATERPROOFING TREATMENT? ITS PROCEDURE AND ADVANTAGES.

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Polyurethane Waterproofing Treatment Polyurethane is made up of two components, base and reactor. Polyol acts as the base, while isocyanide is the reactor component. The combination of both these in a specific design ratio creates a liquid coating for waterproofing applications. Polyurethane is a rather popular choice due to its ease of installation. Unlike other waterproofing systems like sheet membranes and liquid applied membranes, this polyurethane application requires comparatively less skill and supervision. Application is fast and this type of treatment can be used for post construction applications as well. Detailed methods for surface preparation and application are prescribed by the product supplier and often supervised by them in large project applications. Waterproofing is an expensive business, still it is better to prevent leakages and take all precautions during construction stage itself. Polyurethane Waterproofing Procedure 1. The roof surface is thoroughl

PROCEDURE OF BRICK BAT COBA WATERPROOFING

1. The surface of the roof slab should be cleaned and washed with water before laying the first course. 2. A fresh slurry is prepared by mixing cement with 1-2% super seal powder (acrylic based acrylintryl chemical). 3. The slurry is first mixed dry and then water is added until it reaches a uniform consistency. 4. This freshly prepared slurry is spread on the cleaned roof surface to create a smooth thin layer. 5. Cement sand mortar is prepared by adding 1-2% super seal powder in a 1:5 cement sand dry mix (1 part cement, 5 part sand). 6. Water is added to obtain a plastic mortar. 7. This cement mortar is spread on top of the thin slurry  layer to obtain a 20mm thick cement mortar layer. 8. Brick bats are inserted in the 20mm cement mortar layer to create a 100-150 mm brick bat later layer. 9. The cement sand mortar is then used for grouting the previously laid brick bat layer. All voids and joints are filled. 10. Ensure a smooth slope surface over the brick bat laye

COMPARISON BETWEEN GYPSUM PLASTER AND CEMENT-SAND PLASTER

Plaster is very necessary thing in construction to achieve an aesthetic appearance.  Plastering work is a process of covering the rough surfaces or unfinished surfaces like walls, ceilings, column and other building components with thin coat of cement mortar or other material to form a smooth and finished surface and gives an aesthetic appearance. It increases the durability of surface. Gypsum is one of the widely used construction material mainly in interior designing. Properties and products of gypsum to be used as building material in construction works are discussed. Gypsum is used as surface materials. Its application is prominent in wall and ceiling construction. The use of gypsum can also be done at the field in the form of plaster. Comparison between Gypsum plaster and Cement-sand plaster 1. Basic Raw Material Gypsum plaster Gypsum powder and water Cement-sand plaster  Cement + sand + water (Site mixed) 2. Applicable area Gypsum plaster It can be use

PROCESS OF PAINT WORK IN BUILDING

Internal painting process: 10 Step process for internal painting work. 1.Cleaning of walls 2.Crack filling by crack fillers 3.Apply primer 4.Apply wall putty or lapi 5.Apply second coat of wall putty or lapi 6.Apply gattu primer 7.Papering on putty 8.Apply paint coat 9.Papering on paint 10.Apply final coat of paint  External painting process: External Painting is a three step process. First painters will clean building walls. 1.Apply primer. 2.Apply selected paint coat. 3.Apply selected paint coat — final one.

WHAT IS A PROCEDURE FOR REPAINT A WALL?

Procedure for Re-paint: Surface check: is the most vital part before we start painting. In surface check, we should clear seepage, dirt, oil strain, paint feel-off by using various equipment like cloth, sand paper, blade,seepage plaster Sanding: Remove existing paint using sand paper Putty: Apply putty to fill the gaps of needle, tv wall mount, AC mount, cracks on surface and patches. Wait for putty to dry. Approx 3–4 hours. Sanding after putty: Do another round of sanding after putty dry, this helps to level the surface Primer: This is not mandatory for re-painting of existing color. This is mostly applicable for fresh painting or color change Paint: Do one coat of paint, if you are not satisfied with one coat, Go for another coat.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF DOORS USED IN BUILDING.

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INTRODUCTION A door is a movable structure used for opening and closing an entrance or for giving access to something. Following are the major types of Doors used in building. 1. Flush Doors 2. Panel Doors 3. Wooden or Timber Door 4. Roller Doors 5. Bifold Doors 6. Sliding Doors 7. Pivot Doors 8. French Doors 9. Aluminum Doors 10. Fibre Glass Door 11. Fiber-reinforced Plastic Doors 12. PVC Doors 13. Battened & Ledged Doors 14. Bamboo Doors 15. Glass Doors 16. Steel Doors 17. Louvered Doors 18. Swing Doors 19. Collapsible Doors 20. Sliding Doors 21. Rolling Shutters 22. Glazed Doors 23. Revolving Doors 1. Flush Doors : A  flush door  is made of solid blockboard core, vertical stiles, and horizontal rails that create a pre-fixed frame and blockboard is composed of wooden strips that are placed edge-to-edge and sandwiched between 4 mm ply. 2. Panel Doors : Last two decades ago, panel doors are  very popular  for quite some time. Its name