TYPES OF FLOORING USED IN CONSTRUCTION

The exposed top surface of the floor is termed as flooring or floor finish. The purpose of flooring is to provide neat, clean and pleasing appearance. Some of commonly used flooring are given below.

TYPES OF FLOORING

  1. Brick flooring
  2. Cement concrete flooring
  3. Granolithic flooring
  4. Terrazzo flooring
  5. Mosaic flooring
  6. Tiled flooring
  7. Marble flooring
  8. Asphalt flooring
  9. Linoleum flooring
  10. Plastic or Poly-vinyl-chloride (P.V.C) flooring
  11. Wooden flooring


1. Brick flooring :- 

This flooring is specially suited for godowns, stores, warehouses etc. The bricks are laid either flat or on edge arranged in herring-bone fashion or set at right angles to the wall or set at any other good looking pattern.

2. cement concrete flooring :- 

It is cheap, quite durable and easy to construct. This type of flooring is commonly used for residential, commercial and industrial buildings.

3. Granolithic flooring :- 

When hard wearing surface is required, then granolithic finish is carried out over the cement concrete. The granolithic concrete consists of cement, sand and rich concrete made with very hard and tough quality coarse aggregate such as granite, basalt, quartzite etc. 

4.Terrazzo flooring :-

The flooring made with special aggregate of marble chips mixed with white and colored cement, is called terrazzo flooring. It is decorative and has good wearing properties. It is widely used in residential building, hospitals, offices, schools and other public buildings.

5. Mosaic flooring :- 

The flooring made with the small pieces of broken tiles of china glazed or of marble or of cement, arranged in different pattern, is known as mosaic flooring. 

6. Tiled flooring :- 

The flooring made from square, hexagonal or other shapes, made of clay, cement concrete or terrazzo, is called tile flooring. These are available in different sizes and thicknesses. These are commonly used in residential houses, offices, schools, hospitals and other public buildings. 

7. Marble flooring :- 

It is a superior type of flooring used especially where extra ordinary cleanliness is required as in case of hospitals, bath rooms, kitchens, temples etc. 

8.Asphalt flooring:- 


This flooring is not favored because of bed smell and ugly color of the asphalt. But at present, the asphalt flooring can be carried out in a variety of colors and in different forms. The asphalt flooring is recommended for swimming pools, because it is non slippery.

9. Linoleum flooring :-

It is a covering which is available in rolls and laid directly on concrete or wooden flooring. The linoleum tiles are also available which can be fixed or glued to concrete base or wooden floor. Since it is subjected to rotting when wet or moist for some time, therefore, it is not recommended for bathrooms, kitchens etc.

10. Plastic or Poly-vinyl-chloride (P.V.C) flooring :- 

The plastic or p.v.c tiles are now widely used for all residential and non-residential buildings. These tiles are laid on concrete base with an adhesive. The p.v.c tile flooring is resilient, smooth, good looking and can be easily cleaned. however, It is costly and can be damaged when it comes in contact with burning objects. 

Comments

Popular Posts

TYPES OF CRACKS IN R.C.C COLUMNS

CHECKLIST FOR TERRACE WATERPROOFING (BRICK BAT COBA)

TYPES OF ALUMINIUM SECTION FINISHES.