TYPES OF BONDS USED IN BRICK MASONRY WALL CONSTRUCTION.

Types of bonds in brick masonry wall are classified as per arrangement of bricks laying in the course and bonding of courses with each other.

The most commonly used types of bond in brick masonry are given below:
1. Stretcher bond
2. Header bond
3. English bond
4. Flemish bond

Some other types of bonds are :-
1. Facing bond
2. Dutch bond
3. English cross bond
4. Brick on edge bond
5. Raking bond
6. Zigzag bond
7. Garden wall bond

1. Stretcher bond :

In stretcher bond, All bricks are laid in the stretcher course continuity. They suitably used only for partition wall construction. 

2. Header bond :

In header bond, all bricks are laid in header course continuity. They are suitably used for one brick thick wall.

3. English bond :

English bond in brick masonry contains one course of stretcher only and a course of header above it, i.e. It has two alternating courses of stretchers and headers. Headers are laid centered on the stretchers in course below and each alternate row is vertically aligned.
To break the continuity of vertical joints, quoin closer is used in the beginning and end of a wall after first header. A quoin close is a brick cut lengthwise into two halves and used at corners in brick walls.

4. Flemish bond :


In this type of bond each course comprises of alternate header and stretcher [Fig-4]. Alternate courses start with stretcher and header. To break the vertical joints queen closers are required, if a course starts with header. Every header is centrally supported on the stretcher below it.
Flemish bonds may be further classified as
  • Double Flemish Bond
  • Single Flemish Bond.

Comments

Popular Posts

TYPES OF CRACKS IN R.C.C COLUMNS

CHECKLIST FOR TERRACE WATERPROOFING (BRICK BAT COBA)

CLASSIFICATION OF STAIR AND THEIR USES